Convert a Number to Hexadecimal

Desicription

Given an integer, write an algorithm to convert it to hexadecimal. For negative integer, two’s complement method is used.

Note:

  1. All letters in hexadecimal (a-f) must be in lowercase.
  2. The hexadecimal string must not contain extra leading 0s. If the number is zero, it is represented by a single zero character ‘0’; otherwise, the first character in the hexadecimal string will not be the zero character.
  3. The given number is guaranteed to fit within the range of a 32-bit signed integer.
  4. You must not use any method provided by the library which converts/formats the number to hex directly.

Example 1:

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Input:
26

Output:
"1a"

Example 2:

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Input:
-1

Output:
"ffffffff"

Solution

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class Solution {
public:
std::string toHex(unsigned int num) {
if(num == 0) {
return std::string{"0"};
}
std::string res{};
while(num != 0) {
auto tmp = num & 0xf;
if(tmp >= 10) {
res += 'a' + tmp - 10;
} else {
res += '0' + tmp;
}
num >>= 4;
}
std::reverse(res.begin(), res.end());
return res;
}
};