Range Sum Query - Mutable

Desicription

Given an integer array nums, find the sum of the elements between indices i and j (i ≤ j), inclusive.

The update(i, val) function modifies nums by updating the element at index i to val.

Example:

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Given nums = [1, 3, 5]

sumRange(0, 2) -> 9
update(1, 2)
sumRange(0, 2) -> 8

Note:

  • The array is only modifiable by the update function.
  • You may assume the number of calls to update and sumRange function is distributed evenly.

Solution

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class NumArray {
std::vector<int> treeArray;
public:
NumArray(std::vector<int>& nums) {
initTreeArray(nums);
}

void update(int i, int val) {
myUpdate(i + 1, val - sumRange(i, i));
}

int sumRange(int i, int j) {
return myQuery(j + 1) - myQuery(i);
}

private:
void initTreeArray(std::vector<int>& nums) {
treeArray = std::vector<int>(nums.size() + 1, 0);
for(int i = 1; i < treeArray.size(); i++) {
myUpdate(i, nums[i-1]);
}
}

int lowBit(int i) {
return i & (-i);
}

void myUpdate(int i, int val) {
for(; i < treeArray.size(); i += lowBit(i)) {
treeArray[i] += val;
}
}

int myQuery(int i) {
int res = 0;
for(; i != 0; i -= lowBit(i)) {
res += treeArray[i];
}
return res;
}
};

/**
* Your NumArray object will be instantiated and called as such:
* NumArray* obj = new NumArray(nums);
* obj->update(i,val);
* int param_2 = obj->sumRange(i,j);
*/