Department Highest Salary

Desicription

The Employee table holds all employees. Every employee has an Id, a salary, and there is also a column for the department Id.

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+----+-------+--------+--------------+
| Id | Name | Salary | DepartmentId |
+----+-------+--------+--------------+
| 1 | Joe | 70000 | 1 |
| 2 | Henry | 80000 | 2 |
| 3 | Sam | 60000 | 2 |
| 4 | Max | 90000 | 1 |
+----+-------+--------+--------------+

The Department table holds all departments of the company.

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+----+----------+
| Id | Name |
+----+----------+
| 1 | IT |
| 2 | Sales |
+----+----------+

Write a SQL query to find employees who have the highest salary in each of the departments. For the above tables, Max has the highest salary in the IT department and Henry has the highest salary in the Sales department.

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+------------+----------+--------+
| Department | Employee | Salary |
+------------+----------+--------+
| IT | Max | 90000 |
| Sales | Henry | 80000 |
+------------+----------+--------+

Solution

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SELECT
D.Name AS Department,
E.Name AS Employee,
E.Salary AS Salary
FROM
Department D,
Employee E,
(SELECT DepartmentId AS Id, max(Salary) AS Salary FROM Employee GROUP BY DepartmentId) T
WHERE
E.DepartmentId = D.Id AND
E.DepartmentId = T.Id AND
E.Salary = T.Salary